In Finland everyone knows how healthy a visit to the sauna is. And this practice of going to sauna has become popular not only in Finland, but around the globe. If you’re a regular sauna visitor, there are still certain thins you should know.
How does the sauna affect the organism?
Strictly speaking, a visit to the sauna is a great challenge for the body, because the extreme temperature differences make the thermoregulation to perform at its best. The normal body temperature does not increase when you visit the sauna, but to keep the temperature constant, the body is forced to give off heat. During a sauna visit, the heart pumps the blood into the dilated vessels and the skin begins to sweat profusely, because only the evaporation effect can provide coolness. The circulation of blood becomes faster, which in turn stimulates the immune system. But what is especially good: Soul and body relax and the sauna enthusiast feels a pleasant tiredness.
Do sauna fans feel happy?
Similar to a competitive athlete, the body produces happy hormones when going to the sauna. If the cold shower comes after sweating, then the blood vessels contract again and the blood can flow more vigorously.
Prepare your body for sauna
In order for sauna sweating to become a success, sauna visitors should consider several different things. It is important not to sweat, but go with the cleaned skin in the sauna. Only then can the skin also sweat properly. For the beginning, two sauna sessions of ten minutes each are sufficient. After sweating then follows the cold shower, in winter, a stay in the fresh snow. Afterwards, sauna-goers should take a break and have a drink. Drinking enough is important because the body loses around half a liter of liquid every time you visit the sauna. It is not a good idea to go to sauna with a full stomach, because that puts a strain on the circulation.
Benefits from sauna visiting
The circulation, the skin and the immune system benefit the most from regular visits to the sauna. Studies have shown that passionate sauna goers have fewer colds and more energy. These results, however, only refer to the classic Finnish sauna, there are hardly any scientific findings about other variants. Especially in the winter months, the sauna helps to prevent flu infections, as the immune system is required.
When is sauna not recommended?
People who suffer from vascular disease should talk to their doctor prior to a sauna visit. The same applies to those who have low blood pressure. In the heat of the sauna, it can happen that the blood in the dilated vessels suddenly sinks, which can lead to a circulatory collapse. Pregnant women should also discuss with their doctor, because in many cases during pregnancy, the circulation is unstable. At an early stage, heat can overheat the embryo, which is similar to fever. In the worst case, this leads to a miscarriage. Also for expectant mothers: As a precaution you should visit a sauna with lower temperature.